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Damn stylized as DAMN. Damn received widespread critical acclaim and topped the charts in the United States and Canada while reaching number two in Australia, Belgium, Denmark, Ireland, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. The album was supported by three official singles: The beat for "Humble" was developed by Mike Will with the intention of recording with Gucci Mane , but later showed it to Lamar, thinking that this would be the first time Lamar had recorded with a trap -style beat that Mike Will had been known for.

After recording, it was initially agreed upon that it would be released on Mike Will's debut album Ransom 2 , but others convinced Lamar to keep it for his own next album. After the first verse of "DNA" was recorded with the beat that Mike Will had already prepared, Lamar started rapping the second verse a cappella , requesting that Mike Will build the beat around the rap.

Lamar proposed that it sound like "chaos", and Mike Will put together the second half of the song with the intention to make it "sound like he's battling the beat. Lamar has said in interviews that the ability to play the album in reverse tracklist order was "premeditated [ It's one of my favorite rhythms and tempos within the album. On April 11, , Lamar revealed the cover artwork for Damn. Sepetov described Damn ' s cover as "loud and abrasive" and "not uber political like To Pimp a Butterfly but it has energy".

In a radio interview on June 29, , Lamar revealed the original title for the album was going to be What Happens on Earth Stays on Earth , but eventually settled on Damn.

He stated the working title "didn't read right". Damned if I do, damned if I don't. The loudness of the record. On March 23, , Lamar released a promotional single, " The Heart Part 4 ", which contained lyrics hinting at a possible April 7 release date for his fourth studio album.

On December 8, , Lamar released the Collectors Edition of the album. The album is the same musically, but has a reversed track order and new artwork. On March 30, , Lamar released the album's lead single, " Humble ", accompanied by a music video.

The music video for the song, " DNA ", was released on April 18, The music video for the song, " Element ", was released on June 27, Damn received widespread acclaim from critics. At Metacritic , which assigns a normalized rating out of to reviews from mainstream publications, the album received an average score of 95, based on 39 reviews.

The most gifted rapper of a generation stomps into the Nineties and continues to blaze a trail forward. Lamar's voice does most of the heavy lifting, playing multiple roles and characters. His supple singing complements a variety of rap tones and textures.

Sometimes boisterous, sometimes swampy, rarely fanciful album—it's Mr. Lamar's version of the creeping paranoia that has become de rigueur for midcareer Drake. And yet this is likely Mr. Lamar's most jubilant album, the one in which his rhymes are the least tangled. D City and going broader on Butterfly , Lamar has found a middle ground on Damn. Alexis Petridis of The Guardian wrote: There's none of that album's wilfully jarring quality — its sudden, anxious musical lurches and abrupt, short-circuiting leaps between genres — but the tracks on Damn still feel episodic and expansive.

Whether Damn will have the same epochal impact as To Pimp a Butterfly remains to be seen, but either way it sounds like the work of a supremely confident artist at the top of his game.

Club , Evan Rytlewski concluded, "Lamar trusts every idea to stand on its own. When you're making art this substantial, vital, and virtuosic, there's no need to wrap a tidy bow around it.

In the United States, Damn debuted at number one on the US Billboard with , album-equivalent units in its first week of release, becoming his third consecutive album after To Pimp a Butterfly and Untitled Unmastered to reach the nation's summit.

It sold , copies in its first week and accumulated over million streams. According to IFPI , it was the seventh best selling album of , with 1. Album credits adapted from official liner notes and XXL. Adapted from the album liner notes and AllMusic. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Damn. March 30, " Loyalty " Released: June 20, " Love " Released: The 17 Best Albums of Kendrick Lamar, Lorde and Other Favorites.

Duckworth Michael Williams II. Mike Will Made It Pluss [b]. Walton Sounwave Kurstin Top Dawg. Duckworth Lacy Wise Tiffith. Duckworth Natche Spears Martin Tiffith. Duckworth Spears Blake Riera. Duckworth Spears Natche Tiffith. Aftermath Interscope Top Dawg. Featuring U2 and Rihanna". Archived from the original on April 11, Retrieved April 11, Archived from the original on April 12, Retrieved December 12, Retrieved January 28, The New York Times.

Retrieved April 16, Archived from the original on April 26, Retrieved April 26, Retrieved June 15, Retrieved May 7, Archived from the original on April 16, Damn review — another dial-shifting release". Archived from the original on May 6, Archived from the original on April 25, Archived from the original on May 19, Retrieved May 19, Retrieved March 2, Archived from the original on April 13, Retrieved April 13, Retrieved June 29, Archived from the original on March 24, Retrieved March 26, Archived from the original on April 8, Retrieved April 7, Collector's Edition In Reverse".

Retrieved December 7, Retrieved December 11, Archived from the original on March 31, Retrieved March 31, Retrieved March 30, Retrieved April 12, Retrieved April 23, Archived from the original on June 13, Retrieved June 13, Retrieved October 9, Archived from the original on October 31, Retrieved October 31, Archived from the original on April 18, Retrieved April 18, Retrieved October 23, Retrieved April 19, Archived from the original on April 17,

Away from It All: Molokai by Don - Issuu

Prac ticall y all th e m en w ill return in , a nd w ith th e assista nce of a ve ry pro misin g fr eshma n trac k squ ad th e R ed and B lue colors should fl y n ea r th e top next season. The men worked out daily on the improved clay co urts of th e University, and many intra-squad games were played.

Sophomores r eporting to improve the te nni s ranks were: Smith D odson and O. A f ew practi ce ga mes were played in t he early season, but th e real test came when the Red and Blue tea m j ourneyed to Austin to meet th e expected champions of the South- west Conference, T exas University, on A pril Mansfi eld and Bogardus played good tenni s, but th e prof essional-like players of the University of T exas proved too power - ful f or th em.

Following thi s opening ga me, th e Must angs stepped throug h an important schedule. Tenni s, along with other minor athletics, has suffered because of th e extreme emphasis placed on football and basketball. Coach Gerald Huff, a f ormer Mustang net star, re- turned last year to arouse a new interest in this fl ashy sport. Improving th e playing co urts, he put his squad to work last year and staged a Southwest Conference Champi onship meet that ex hibited brilliant court performances.

Easily th e m ost promi sing squad to r eport in many years, th e linksmen soon rounded into f orm. Eliminati on tri als were held f or th e f our positions on th e tea m. Rufus King , a so phom ore, topped all co mpetition to win the No. H e is the prese nt Colorado State Juni or Champion, a nd has garnered an enviable collecti on of cup s in hi s short golfing ca reer. J amie Go ug h q ualified f or second position. Also prom- inent in amateur circles, he presently is cre dited with the co urse r ecord at D allas Coun- try Club.

D av id Stephenson and R aymond Thomasson co mplete th e gr oup of links stars. D an Voss and D e Witt Smith, lettermen of l ast year, are expected to be dangerous chal - lenge rs as th e seaso n progresses.

King , Go ug h, and Steph enson triumphed in th eir sing les matches, while Thomasson dropped a close one. King and Go ug h th en teamed to defeat T exas' best twoso me. Th omasson and Stephenso n bowed to th eir d oubles oppositi on, wh o excelled onl y in being more experi enced in tournament play. Th e sc hed ule called f or mat ches t o be played with T. It is in thi s important clas h that th e Mustangs will face thei r stiff est oppositi on. Alvin J ett, two-year letterman, withdrew fr om co mp etiti on thi s year to manage the team, and proved va luable in tense moments of tournament play.

These men pos- sessed very little competiti ve experi ence and th e res ulting tea m was not outstanding. Only one meet was attend ed by Coach Foster and hi s swimming crew thi s th e an- nu al So uthwest Conference swimming meet. It was held thi s year at T exas A. M any excellent swimmers competed in thi s meet and th e Mu stangs felt th eir presence.

M en reporting f or th e swimming squad were: Th ese boys tri ed desperately to raise th e swimming standard of S. Coach Foster instructed th e men in swimming fun da mentals and coac hed th em in aqu ati c f ea- tures.

Bob Riddle student manager was al so on hand f or work-o uts and perform ed th e manage ri al d uti es well f or th e swimmers. L acking the thrilling f ea tures off ered spectators by oth er sports swimming h as neve r enj oyed a g rea t degree of popularity among S. Spring sports en- thusiasts f eel th e lure of warm sunshine and turn th eir attenti on to th e outdoor gam es of baseball tenni s track and golf wh en winter subsides. F urth er handica pped by the do minati on of f ootball and basketball on the time and r eso urces of th e athleti c depart- m ent swimm ing has not yet co me into its own on this ca mpus.

H e did an exce ll ent joh. With th e ahle assis tance of Dr. J oh n L ee Brooks, he deve lope d a w ell hala n ce d clu b. Combinin g a da nge ro us ae ria l a ttac k w ith a powe rful runnin g ga m e, th e Colts wo n a ll three of th eir sc hedul ed ga m es. Th e first tw o o r three weeks of practice w e re spe nt by th e ca ndid a tes wo rkin g off s urplus w eig ht , studyin g f und a m e nta ls, a nd lea rnin g th e style of pla y used hy th e S. Comin g from diffe re nt sc hools, as th ey did, w he re th e type of pl ay, in m ost cases, va ried, som e of th e play e rs had a littl e d iffi c ulty in adj ustin g th e m selves t o th e new sty le.

Afte r t wo o r three scrimmages wi th th e Va rsity, howeve r, th ey heca m e we ll acq uai nted w ith th e syst em. Th e e ntire ga m e was playe d in a drizzling rai n , a nd, co nse - qu e ntl y, th e play of both tea m s was ha mpe red. Th e weig ht adva ntage of th e C olts stood th e m in good stea d durin g this hattI e of th e ele m e nts.

Aho ut th e middl e of th e first half th e Colts wo rked th e ball d ow n into sco rin g positio n a nd Ewi ng ga lloped a round rig ht e nd for a tou c hd ow n. Th e try for ex tra point fa iled. Th is tim e th e w eath e r ap proac hed perfecti on a nd m a de fo r a han g- lip gam e from th e sta rtin g whistle to th e fin ;ll g un. Combinin g a n eff ecti ve passi ng gil m e w ith runnin g plays, th e Colts de fea t ed th e Cubs 13 t o 0.

B oth of th e Colt tou c hd ow ns we re sco red throug h th e ili r. In th e closing minutes of th e secon d pe riod Jil ckso n rilced sixty-fi ve Yil rds to th e Bilylo r fiv e- yard lin e a nd scored four plays la te r on a pass in th e end zo ne from Ewi ng. Th e second touc hdow n was scored in th e fourth quarte r hy a thirtY- Yil rd toss from Ever ha rt to Goss.

Th e Cubs thr ea te ned to sco re seve ra l tim es, hut eilc h tim e th ey w e re stoppe d hy th e stubb o rn defe nse of th e Colts. A lth oug h th e t o uc hd ow ns we re m ilde hy passes, th e runnin g gil m e of th e Colts WilS effectilre. Th e followin g Friday th e fr es hm e n journ eye d to Fort W o rth to play th e T.

A few minutes la te r Bea rd e n c rils hed ove r fro m th e three- ya rd lin e for it touchdown. Before th e ha lf was ove r th e Colts sco red ilgil in o n a pass from T empl e- ton to Goss. Th e P olywogs ca m e ha c k st rong in th e second ha lf il nd pushed ove r t wo touchdown s. Th e Vilrsity w ill be stren g th e ned n ex t fa ll by th e addition of suc h fres hme n stand-ou ts ilS Bea r- de n, J ackso n , Curick, Goss, Hug hes, W offo rd, a nd Ec hols. Basketball Th e fr es hm a n haske tha ll teil m , cOilc hed hy C hilrlie Trigg, wo n one and lost t wo of th e three ga m es plilyed, with Olle m ore gil m e OIl th e sc hedul e.

D es pite th e filc t th a t it lost two of its gil m es, t he Colt hilske th: A reve rsa l of form res ulted in th e long end of il 39 to Lu cas, J o nes, a nd Eve rh il rt wi ll prohilh ly see mu ch ac ti o n on th e Vil rsity next yea r. Baseball Th e o utl ook fo r fres hman hasl: With ;1 fine new pla yi ng fie ld and a ve l' ' ca pil- hI e coac h in Higginhoth ilm, a good tea m sho uld he deve loped.

Many of th e boys who play football il nd haske thall il lso play hase hall, so th e tea m wi ll prohab ly he m a de up of those hoys who pil rticipated in oth e I' spo rts. Higginboth am 's proteges will m a ke a fa ir acco unt of th em sel ves in th e c urre nt Southwest C o nfere nce chase fo r th e coveted cha mpio nship. Th e r eturn of fiv e of th e ele ve n m e n awa rd ed num erals in has bee n promin ent in formin g th e nu cleus of th e [ e ntry.

C aptain B ob Finl ey hea ds th e list of those lette rm en. H e pa ce d all Mu sta ngs in battin g last yea r a nd promises to hecom e on e of th e m ost ahle hitters in th e circ uit.

Oth er letterm en who have return ed for m ore ac- tion this yea r a re: Sophomore g radu ates fr om last yea r 's Colt squ a d compose a la rge portion of th e tea m. Amon g th e sec- ond yea r m en who distin g uished th em se lves this sea - so n a re: Norton, a nd J ohnn y Stid ge r. Th e professional spo rtsm en believe d tha t Baylor a nd T exas A. Probably th e g rea test singl e improve m ent gained by th e pl aye rs and hase hall love rs of S.

This la nd has been well sodd ed, a nd it is believed th at the P o nies will boast one of th e best playin g fi eld s in th e league before m a ny m o nths have elapse d. Th e Musta ngs won th eir t wo pre-seaso n contests, but opened th e fla g chase with a loss to T exas Uni- ve rsity a t D allas, A pril 3. It is believe d th at th e followin g m en will ta ke th e fi eld as reg ul a rs in th e m aj ority of C onfere nce jousts this year: Finley, ca tcher; McKee or Fry, first base ; J ackson, seco nd base ; H aley, third base ; Bu sac ker, shortstop ; a nd Stid ge r, Churchill , a nd N orto n, out- fi elde rs.

Complete sc hedul e of co n fe rence ga m es for So uth- ern M eth odist Unive rsity is as foll ows: The fr eshma n squad co ntai ns som e promisin g base - ball m a te rial, a nd is bein g train ed along with th e Va rsity. Anothe r sprin g shou ld show improvem ent.

A s usua l, all frate rnities we re divid ed into two leagues: L eag ue A, co nsistin g of L a mbd a Chi, S. They we re th en tosse d for losses hy hoth th e A. In th e play- off K appa Sig ma was victo ri ous, defea tin g th e A.

Wh en the sm oke clea red, '"on th e top of th e heap w e re th e Phi D elts, with five wins a nd JlO losses. Phi D elta Th eta th en m et a nd was defea ted hy Kappa Sie: J fi rst plagu e to th e Kappa Sigs.

In th e swi mm in g fi n als th e Ph i D elts proved th em se lves to he th e best "fi shes" hy uefe atin g th e K. Th e D elta Ch i t ea m, previo usly und efea ted, w as th eir o nl y threa t to th e cha m pionship. A close race was bein g foug ht in L eag ue A, with K a ppa A lph a fi na ll y brea ki ng a three- way d eadl ock het w ee n K ap pa Sig , S.

Chose n for th e a ll-sta r tca lll s wc re: B ohby H owe, a noth er Phi D el t, was picked for th e ce nte r position. Afte r w innin g th e last two eve nts th e Ph i D elts mig ht havc take n a rest, but th eir peewee ath- lete, Smith D odson, copped th e Pin g P ong trophy. Sigma Alpha Epsilon fi nally hroke into th e w in col- umn hy tak in g th e ha ndha ll cha mpionship. But in th e fin als S. This placed th em seco nd in th e race with two wi ns, th e K ap pa Sigs third wit h one, a nd th e Phi D elts first with three.

Th e o utst a ndin g vo]] ey ball e rs of L eag ue A were: N ext ca m e th e iron-slin g in g sport, th e co untry boy's delig ht. As this goes to press th e horseshoe cha mpions a re as yet u ncrown ed.

H oweve r, K. Thus, at th e halfwa y m a rk, w ith six trophies hun g up a nd fiv e m ore to go, indica tion s point to th e Phi D elts as CLIp winn ers. A word of praise is in o rd e r for Budd y Foster ,md his g ro up of officia ls, w ho arc res pon sihl e for th e popularity of intra mural competition. Th e well-officiated ga m es a nd th e spirit of fair pla y th at cha racte ri ze th e entire prog ra m a rc at tributah le to Foste r a nd his sta ff.

Jacq ucminot Rose ;: F oun ded at Barn ard Col lege 7 S. Founded at Uni"ersity of Arkan sas S. Sih-er, Gold and Blue Flower: Foun ded at Boston Un iversity J S. O klahoma City Okla. San Angelo -;- W alm slcy, Mrs.

Chapter l nm ii ed L ight Blu e and D ark Blu e Flo': Fl eur-de- li s " P ledge All el1 , F. Anth o ny B ailey flak er Black, E. Clil1 e Cunnin gham D av is. D eniger Donnell K ea rll t'y I. Fo und ed at Monll1outh College S.

Chapter I nstall ed ''' P ledge llIack. Win ston, Margc ry, II 'Dallas ': Wine and Sih'cr Blu e Flo"'er: Street T o uc h stone. T uuch sto ne, V. F o und ed 3t M onmouth Coll ege 7 S. Secret"ry 'i' P otee t, D ora. O kLahoJlla City , Okla.

Turguoi sc Bl ue and Steel Gr: C ollege Station ': Ol d R ose and Viellx G reen Flow er: Pi nk Kil l: Wh ito R ose F o unded at Virg in ia ! Sh enllan -j'l' lath , D ea n E. Red and Bli tr Floccer: Cfl ll iL' EarllC J" IV D allas ': F ou nd ed at W ashington and L ee Uni versity 5 S. IJtison H l 'l1 l i e r sll: Purpl e, Gree n and G old Flo': J ew O rleans, L a. I', Ji mm y, V allas Ki ng, O.

F ounded at Boston U niversity S. Az ure an d Argent Flo': Sll1ith Stal11cts Starn es Stephe: F ounded at Miami Uni ve rsity S. Vl uIl FT r,J. Ird , I , Dallas Rai nes, P: John so n, R. Collin s, Th omas D. Foun ded at Uni ve rsity of Virg in ia 8 S. Ch apter I nsta ll ed 19 16 t F ac ul ty Co llin s, '1'. Co ll ins, '1'. J ohnson , J. I1a ns fi e ld:: J ewgulf t Steph ens, 1. L ittle R ocl Yokum , J ohn T.

IVA' By rd, R. P ensacoLa F La. Blu e and G old Flower: Chapter Installed Advan ced standing in th e Speec h D epartment with a B average and a B- average in all college work are req uisit e to m embership.

This year s activities ha ve inclu ded: Th ey a re ch osen on a purely m e rit basis, with campu s influ en ce , inte rest in student activities, and sch o larship bein g g iven equal w ei g ht.

A f reshman is selected b y eac h kni g ht to act as his ser f d urin g th e yea r. Th e purpose of th e or g aniza tion IS to wo rk sec r etl y an d con st antl y o n probl em s vital to th e stu de nts of the U nive rsit y. Its aim is to brin g conflictin g questi ons to an issue, a f ter th orou g h investi gation h as been m ade , in o rder th at th e difficult y m ay be sol ved. T o this extent it ser ves as an ad visor y board to the president of th e U ni ve rsit y, wh o is al w ays h on or a ry president of th e societ y.

M embers are select ed from majors in the C ommerce ScilO ol witll a I. Blu c and Gol d Tile object of tlte fraternity is t o iwtill a con- sciousness of tlte profeHiontll tlttiturie ,i n commer- cial zeork in tlte members, T Ite lIati07tal c! I' W ebb, Th omas R: Wilcox, Jam es R: The group lias ell gill een from tile cit y in as visiting spealen at th eir?!

Blac kburn , Llord M c Kinn e. Ni chol s, Tall c. Shim er, John H o lland, R a: Wi sen bake r,. Padg itt, M ar. Dunn, Marguerit e Simpson, J.

F au lkner, Fl ore nce O. M elll uersltip is limiler! Coil in s, Jam es tSt. D eboe, M ary B. N abho ltz, J o hn Bn: L ave nde r, H aro ld Smi th, Robe rt L. Eli zabe th Oram, Mrs. Robbye Dun sta n, Mrs. Phillips, J3m cs R. Gra,'cs, Clau de tShul er, Flli s W. A alttl tile r. T fte t'ario lls ro mlllittees llave beell Jet ut as ott ortunities f or disclISsiolt of l'eligiollJ alld social troblem s of tile Jtlldent awl tile ccorlrl in co"iclt fte lir'es. Orri ck, Stanford H esta nd, Ru e S.

M ogle, Will iam Wh eeler, C. J tHuif, D r. G era ld tM oll zon, Dr. D, t W right, Dr. Its purpose, t o acquaint members witl, the engineering field, i,wo! Tinn erel lo, J ohn F: Chi r, D al'i11a Bl ack man, M arg: H odgc, Braincrd Rob insc n, T a.

Founded at Lafayette Coll ege, S. Grim cs, T om Mill s, G: F a ulkn e r F lorence N. P e rki ns Sa muel W. Stei nicke Willibel H oope r H orace M. Free m a n, Jr. Last choice, as usuaL come Mess and Toper, the most affected obnoxiously conspicuous blobbering idiots on the campus. This page, as no other, reveals their virtues. They win this coveted honor by reason of the fact that they can annoy more people at one time than Simp- son, Acker, Finley, Tiger Joe, and Hallam working double time.

This page was conceived, planned, and execu ted by C. Smith, th e Grind' s spiciest contributor. H e knows th e dirty joke that goes with this drawing. R M ortar Board, composed of th e outstinking senior gi rls-and R ay Pittman-was mother to us all thi s year, when it gave us something we didn't know we wanted, stuffed it down our throats, and made us like it.

But not with out a battle. For champions of lib- erty, fri ends of th e "peepul", altruistically motivated leaders rose fr om the silence to go deep into th e heart of the "Point System" a nd f ound communism, oppression, bondage, yes, eve n unfairness! This they could not tolerate, so th ey circulated a petition th at th e truth mig ht be revealed.

H allam, in order to justify her membership in th e sisterh ood, and to see just how fr ee the press can be, littered up th e campus with "human things", and "King M ortar" Clemmons retaliated with stuff just as unintellig ible.

Brutsche, leader of th e kni ghtly oppositi on, went to th e library to l ook up dirty words, while th e st udent body slept throug h it all as usual. Then came the day of revelati on, th e open forum in chapel. Vle all pulled up our f eet, and the speeches began.

Kincaid assured us th at no school co uld possi bly get where S. Sprague plead f or "Liberty or D eath"-a nd go t th e latter. Bogardus confided that he didn't have any points-whi ch we already knew -and pointed to predecessors who held eve ry offi ce but janitor and still f ound time to cheat enoug h on exams to make "A"s. Pittman resigned two offices under his breath in order to speak with a clear conscience and remained politi cal.

Brutsche got up, cleared his throat, and fi ve minutes later sat down. Whereup on R eeder twi sted, pulled, shoved, heaved, finger- pointed, and screamed her way throug h th e final speech, and we all went to lunch. Pittman spent th e rest of the day trying to withdraw hi s "play-like" r esignations. As usual, the student body was f ooled, and th e noble kni g hts' valiant efforts went f or naught.

This pa ge ,. Each had an organ-ization whi ch pJayed tunes at the drop of a coin- i n different ways. Eac h was a geniu s of excessive gifts. Fanny L ou-ladies first-possessed principles, a de- terminati on, and an exterior. She was strai g htforward, henceforth, and permeated, and amazed. She was whole- so me, hea rty, and, well-straight fr om th e shoulder at an arm's length-a believer in sc hool spirit, a rare mind with a read y opini on upon anything fr om here to th ere.

And with the ca pacity to tolerate Baby-Goo! P erhaps Baby-Goo-o ne of the sh e- males-s hould have co me first, but anyway, here is a being who lived f or art. H e ex hi bited an unacco untable interest in Fanny, and plotted fame for himself whi ch refl ected on th e Arden Clu b-and revi led Broadway plays.

A little man- in mind and body-who attempted to wear long pants which constantly tripp ed him. Hi s l ove life was unknown, but suspected. Jot leastly is L ammie P oo. A gent w ho lived to enj oy hi s own virtu es..

Some of his weighty co ntemplati ons.. D oo med for success! A yo uth of excepti onal promise! D o anything and do it well! N o one realizes th e extent of my ability but me! I'm a sc holar, a musician, a poet, a criti c, and an athlete. I' ve sn ubbed th e frat boys, been rude to every- body in sig ht, and sti ll th ey whisper when I pass.

To top it all, I'm good-loo king and th e g irls cry f or me. Shall it be Broadway or Oxford? The only point in co mm on among th ese personages was th eir reverence for th eir re - specti ve insignificant organ-izati ons. Eac h th oug ht he was big tim e" - and th oug ht it seriousJy, too!

Forgetting Fanny's ever-present importance Lammie reached for th e moo n. H e needed publicity, and Fanny suddenly became of importance. Th ree dates a week, Baby-Goo sty Ie, was t he next step. H owever, Baby had watched over her ever since h er election, and anyway L ammi e had reac hed fo r the moon.

H e was slow to ca tch on. It was the fir st time he had failed on th e d istaff side. Hi s charm had fal tered. She must not be hum an!

She sur vived th e blow, and the Ard en CJ ub conti nued on its diet of a headline a week with a feature stor y on Saturdays. Little Baby g urgled with deJi g ht. H e couldn't have planned for better. L am mi e decided to make hi s profits witho ut aid of Th e Campus. And d id he wow 'em; Don't ask him! You'd be stared at. The only scandal revealed in the investigation" was that Fanny had a conscience which was responsible fo r it all.

May bc it's but admits sh c didn't cI'cn kn ow th c rc wa s a g am c, nothin g. An; 'way th c Lambda Chi's hal'c progrcsscd th c Chi Om cgas boast a quartc t of non c ntiti cs that to the sta gc of scc kin g publi city. H owc l'c r, th c ir sta rtcd with on c scratc h amon g th cm.

Witn ess th e ir kidnapin g of c ra sed that. Stagin g a du c l in the front yard wa sn't ca m cra, is con sum cd b;, a desirc to see he r namc so hot, c ithcr. If th cr can't wait until next year whcn which shc has just l earncd to r cad in print.

Curti s, Kin g will be editor, Illa y wc suggcst a Illass Illurd c r Loon ey, and Mason compl e tc th c g roup that ruin s o r a hou sc burnin g. Th eir day is one of peace and q ui et, broken onl y by th e plop of th eir tobacco j ui ce as they spit at th e wall. Q uiet is essenti al f or t heir wors hi p ; t hey are distracted by such u n- hol y noises as kids laug hing in the Co-op, people walking by, ca rs pa rki ng in th e street.

Ca rs parking in the street I Th ere was so mething to protest 1 Th ey co uldn't ge t th e Co-op m oved, but th ey coul d present a demand th at all cars be banned fr om in f ront of Kirby H all while th ey were in hol y pursuit of kno wledge.

Thus, th e stu dents h ad to park th eir ve hicles on Hillcrest, and walk six blocks to classes. T hat is, all th e students except th e Th eologs.

After all it was th eir building, t her efore t hey ce rtai nly co ul d stop in f ront of it. Also, si nce th ey were getti ng paid to co me to school, r ules ap pl yi ng to ordinar y students certainly d id n't apply to th em. A nd so th ey had th eir qui et unt il one by one th e f aculty slipped in and parked, one by one th e students sl ipped in and pa rked, until finall y eve ry- body in sc hool ca me in and parked, and once aga in t he Th eologs so ug ht hi g her levels amid cars and laug hter, ph onograp h music and tobacco j uice.

Just what goes on be hind their doo rs is open to debate. T o a cas ual observe r stati oned a fe w blocks away th e so unds emitting fr om th eir luxur io usl y f urni shed buil d ing remind one of a Co mmuni st's street-corner speech, th e cry of a newsboy selling hi s wares, or one of th e m ig hti est bellows th at ever erupted fr om th e mout h of Tarza n.

Thus th ey stu dy th eir books, and p repa re to co mmence their work among th eir f ellow- men. Armed with th ei r tools th ey set f orth-each with hi s own broom and mop- to be- g in th eir j obs as j anitors at va ri ous spots on th e ca mpus.

Si n ce their: Wh en I was a boy in Virginia Shuler. Seco nd in command is Dr. Name your place, I've been there Foscue. Also assisting th ese rock-tappi ng men of th e g rea t outd oors is Dr. But that is their secret Th ey have th eir own little fra - ternity, and just to be different they call it Sig ma Ga mm a Xi. Like all other honorari es, this organi zati on is so dead that th ey keep it preserved in alco hol. Thi s year they felt th eir way f our hundred miles out from nowhere to see a sink- hole.

N ow th ere are holes and holes, and it is open to questi on j ust w hat they sunk at the holes of Sonora. Incidently, thi s Blakemore is th e lad wh o blushingly ad mits he is the modern Adoni s ; however, he also resembles a bull ape fr om afar, and up close he co uld be mist aken f or th e broth er of a bull moose. But th ei r "proudi st" achievement was spe ndi ng th e ni g ht unde r D evil's Ri ver bridge at Del Ri o.

Th e Boy Scouts also do thi s. Th en just beca use th e temp erature was thirty- two degrees th ey all jumped in th e river in search of anoth er low pressure area. Then back home agai n th ey come, fill ed with tails of g reat adventure.

And when all had recovered fr om pneumoni a, classes were res umed, f ossils ex h um ed, and rocks admired. Mill er and M ogle are the fir st in, as usual, and turn th e radio on 'vVRR. Very l oud, so that any passing Arts and Sciences stude will be reminded how lucky th e Engineers are to ha ve a rad io in th ei r library. All is quiet until eig ht- fift ee n, when so ph omores start straggling in for th eir eight o'clocks', followed by upperclass men at eig ht-twenty.

Th e upperclassmen smile beca use th ey know th e profs won't arrive before eig ht- twenty-fi ve. Hestand appea rs and g rins apologeti cally in th e door, pursued by M orri so n wh o wants to know why H esta nd has not called an A. H estand says next week, may- be, and sc uttles f or an exit. An armload of books co mes in, f ollowed by Ri chman, who is still in a bad humor ove r a low A- minus that slipped into hi s g rades last year.

Thi s is ri g ht down Turquette's alley. Soon, however, Degenhardt stumbles in the doorway, and both retire in fav or of th eir superior. M oo re and Kilgore turn up a day late fr om th eir co-op jobs on th e Gulf coast, and start t o talk abo ut th e nice weath er d own th ere.

Thi s irritates Winston, wh ose co-op job had him carrying stru c- tural steel around in the cold weather. Shook is irritated already because he f ailed to make the boy beauty tea m. During all thi s, H olland and Wilson keep reli g iously qui et H olland beca use he is trying to remember the talk he co mposed f or a speech class, and W' iJso n because he never thinks a nyhow.

Bowman rushes in brandi shing a card fr om so mebody in Afghanistan wh o heard his radio sta- ti on, but subsides di sconsolately wh en no one see ms to take noti ce. Bea rd chuckles because he is try- ing hard to kee p secret hi s recent placing of th e wrapped -up snake in Lundell's desk.

Little does h e reali ze Alice will accuse Prof. Bird, and really m ake Bea rd keep th e secret. He finalJy interrupts L acy, wh o is saying nothing to Keagy, who isn't li stening. A sudden interruption f oll ows as students Fairley and Grimes remind Riddle that it is time for class. Thi s also arouses Shimer and Mitchell, who decide it is time for th eir daily Co-op session.

Be- f ore th ey leave, howeve r, Orri ck prese nts th e views of th e gro up wh en he remarks on th e low level attained by any engineer wh o turns Co-op hound. In th e general babble now in full bl ast, H art tri es to insult Hord about th e paj ama top H ord is wea ring for a sh irt, but H ord merely throws ope n hi s jacket so eve rybody will get a good l ook. Th e sig ht so sickens Blackburn and Cheney th at th ey leave for class three minutes early.

H owell comes in, f oll owed presently by roomm ate Nichols. H owell wouldn't mind a new r oomy wh o would be m ore careful abo ut doing mechani cal constru ction on th e furniture. Busey drags in th e name of Knox. All shake th eir heads sadly, and th e co nclave prese ntly is red uced to a requiem over the decline of th e eng ineering profession up on th e admission of women. Knox appears, and all burst into vigorous and renewed lament as Lundell announces th at it is now time f or co mpulsory chapel.

N cxt ,'car al l rush town, and th: I' the ru shee's "c haracter. I want to thank Sid Kent and Mark Slattery for their help in preparing the photos for publication. I should mention that some of the photos have no particular correlation to the text; they are in the book simply because I like them. Maunaloa, Molokai June Sharmen and I would be married in three days. Thank God, Sharmen had a job. Now we could sail off to Hawaii without any worries.

What else do you know about the place? Would a northern California library have anything to say about Molokai? Well, yes, but not much. We had wanted to get away from it all. But if we had wanted to be this drastic about it, we would have joined the Peace Corps. Its cryptic description of Molokai read: Krauss neglected to include a map of Molokai with his encouraging report, so we still didn't know where the town of Maunaloa was.

We also ran across a few statistics on the island. Thirtyeight miles long by 10 miles wide. An area of square miles, or about , acres. A coastline of miles. Highest point at the eastern end, Kamakou Peak, 4, feet; highest in the west, Puu Nana, 1, feet. Situated in the Pacific Ocean some two thousand miles west of San Francisco. Population around five or six thousand. We arrived in the islands August 8, after a sixteen-day ocean crossing in the Yellow Submarine.

It was a rugged trip, especially for the seasick wives. We dropped anchor at Kahului Harbor on the island of Maui and vacationed for twelve days.

Crossing the ocean by ourselves for the first time was, by. So too, the life we found on Molokai. There seemed no strange or fascinating or exasperating or beautiful facet of life on the ocean that could not be matched by the world of Molokai which, in many ways, was as alien to our experience as the sea. Sharmen and I settled down in Maunaloa, along with hundreds of pineapple workers, thousands of acres of pineapple land, and millions of pineapples.

In between, we found tourists and fishermen, hotels and hovels, immense pineapple fields and tiny taro patches, slick mainland speculators and illiterate Filipino pensioners, dusty dry cattle ranges and tropical jungle, heathens and oh-so-Christian Christians, non-practicing radicals and oh-so-American Americans, hot dogs and saimin, night clubs and luaus, American movies and cockfights. And these are the things this book is about. But there are inflections, constructions, phrases that immediately set apart a person from Hawaii.

I suppose these differences constitute what would be considered the Hawaiian dialect of English, which seems to be used by a majority of the people raised in the state whether or not they are of Hawaiian racial ancestry.

There are many widely educated, professional people whose speaking manner immediately identifies them as natives of Hawaii. Almost all natives of Molokai speak this Hawaiian dialect. Then there is pidgin. Pidgin is the Hawaiian dialect— readily understood by any American—stretched way out of shape to accommodate a lot of Hawaiian words and a whole bag of sometimes incomprehensible English language constructions.

This is where you will run across sentences on the order of: This is one of those slippery all-purpose expressions you might hear all your life, but never be able to explain. The meaning usually depends on the context of the sentence. You hear it everywhere you go. If you hang on long enough, you will begin to understand it.

When I first arrived on Molokai—before I had any competence in understanding pidgin—I took a carpentry job at the Kaunakakai pier.

The workmen were all Hawaiian or Japanese-American. I could stand next to two men and listen to them talking to each other and realize they were speaking English. I was the only white man or haole on the job, and the only person who used that strange version of English usually spoken in California. Because pidgin was foreign to me, I usually had to ask my boss to repeat his orders two or three times.

I felt a quick empathy with the Mexican laborers I had worked with on construction jobs in California. They rated about as much consideration on a job as the shovels and wheelbarrows they used, and if they misunderstood an order, it was their laziness or stupidity that was blamed. Their very real problem in understanding English was nonexistent to most of the bosses. So on Molokai, I. Plenty dumb I think. Some newcomers to Molokai try to overcome the language problem by learning pidgin themselves.

People who speak hardcore pidgin understand the type of English I speak. Sophie Cooke wrote a little book about her life on Molokai, and in there she tells about a relative of hers who spoke to a Hawaiian man working a taro patch in east Molokai.

David Kalaau, the principal of Halawa School, looked up. Everyone already is familiar with Hawaiian words that have made their way into standard English: Other Hawaiian words in common use on Molokai are: My uncle visited Hawaii from California and told me this little experience: The longer place names often are lightly accented on the next to last syllable. However, Kaunakakai and Kaluakoi are two of the names that normally get a slight accent on the last syllable.

Some words offer up twin vowels that seem a bit awkward to say. Another interesting situation comes up with pronunciation of the W: The W sound appears to have won out in the word Hawaii, but you never hear anyone on Molokai use anything but the V sound when pronouncing the name of the beautiful valley at the eastern end of the island known as Halawa.

Almost everyone on Molokai can get by in English, but about 15 per cent of the people on the island speak either Filipino or Japanese at home. Some dialect of Filipino is the most common foreign tongue heard on Molokai, and the town of Mau-. About 85 per cent of the heads of households in Maunaloa are Filipino. Most of these men were born in the Philippines and continue to speak Filipino whenever they can, which is often, because most of their fellow workers also speak Filipino.

Union meetings in Maunaloa are conducted in Filipino. The men speak their native language at home and in the fields and around the town. I never quite grew accustomed to going to the post office or the local market and hearing Filipino spoken all around me. I think there were times I could easily have convinced myself I was back at the Elmwood in Berkeley, watching a foreign-language film and waiting for the subtitles to appear.

About half the adults in Maunaloa never reached high school. Many of them will continue to speak English only when they have to, and pass on to their children a combination of Filipino, pidgin, and English. Unfortunately, the Filipino background of these children. While we were on Molokai, very few attempts were made to help the Filipino-speaking children learn English or to incorporate Philippine arts or history or geography into the classroom work.

Sharmen was involved in a team teaching arrangement in which four teachers taught a class of seventy-five kindergarten, first grade, and second grade children. Almost all the students were Filipino. A dozen of them spoke virtually no English. But there was no teacher or aide in the class who could speak Filipino. In fact, the kids were not allowed to speak Filipino in class. The Department of Education was more hip when it came to dealing with children who spoke pidgin meaning all the students in Maunaloa.

On a card would be a drawing of a little barefoot boy wearing short pants and an aloha shirt, representing a local boy, with a line in pidgin saying something like: But they were learning the differences between pidgin and standard English so they could use either of them properly. As for me, I learned to adapt. Usually I managed to get by. Seventeen thousand acres of it. Almost half the people employed on Molokai work in agriculture. And when you say agriculture on Molokai, you mean pineapple.

No sugar cane is cultivated on the island. First off, let me make it clear pineapples do not grow on trees, smart aleck tour guides notwithstanding. There is a tree in Hawaii known as the lauhala that is popularly palmed off as a pineapple tree because of the large oval-shaped fruit it bears.

Pineapples grow on plants. The plants, composed of clusters of long, hardy blue-green leaves, grow to a height of about three. Each plant produces one pineapple twenty months after it is planted. About one year later, another pineapple matures on the plant. The first pineapple is known as the plant crop; the second is the ratoon crop. After the second fruit is picked, a field normally is burned and plowed under, then readied for a new planting. Or as my mother-in-law explained it to her husband: From two thousand feet up, the fields exhibit perfect symmetry and a kind of geometric beauty.

Hundreds of red-earth roads slash through the fields, each field a long rectangle with perfectly rounded corners. On the ground, each field turns out to be composed of an.

The long leaves on each plant are stiff and pointed; portions of the edges of the tough leaves are serrated like a saw blade. Whenever I borrowed pineapples from the fields, I did my best to get fruit from rows alongside the road. This helped prevent pineapple punctures, which really smart. A good plant crop will yield forty tons of fruit from one acre of land, with each pineapple weighing in at around five pounds or better.

When the pineapple is ripe, teams of Filipino field hands wade through the densely planted fields, hand picking the fruit. The pineapples are simply dropped onto a conveyor belt which, supported on a long boom, moves just ahead of the pickers. The belt carries the fruit to a waiting truck, which takes its cargo to a loading depot where the bed of the truck is lifted off and stacked.

Large truck and trailer rigs then carry four of these removable beds at a time several miles down Kamehameha V Highway to the pier at Kaunakakai. The fruit is loaded onto barges and pulled by tugs to the neighboring island of Oahu, where it goes to Honolulu canneries.

Most fruit arrives at the cannery less than twenty-four hours after picking. And the managers of. Despite the high degree of mechanization of most pineapple work—ground fumigation, fertilization, insect spraying, and so forth—the basic jobs of planting and picking still are done by hand. Home to some nine hundred souls, Maunaloa owes its existence to pineapple. Ninety-nine per cent of the employed persons in the town work for the Dole pineapple company, sole owner and proprietor of the dilapidated old village, most of which was built in the s.

Maunaloa has a wee bit of free enterprise—a gas station, general store, movie theater, cafe, pool hall, barber shop, and launderette—but if you want to do any serious shopping, you drive sixteen miles to Kaunakakai.

The biggest business in Maunaloa is the Friendly Market. And I do mean hidden: But what you want usually is somewhere around. Food, pet supplies, stationery, gifts, liquor, candy, dry goods, household supplies, etc. A miniature department store. Sharmen claims they have one of the nicest fabric selections anywhere. One of the aisles in the grocery section was blocked all the time we lived in Maunaloa with boxes of, well, something or.

Small cardboard boxes filled with odds and ends of canned foods were on the floor underneath the shelves throughout the store. The Friendly Market is open six days a week until 6 p. Probably the nicest thing about Friendly is the girls who work there. Grace is a tall, dignified and gracious woman who somehow strikes me as approximately the person I would conjure up if asked to describe the perfect mother. Espaniola is a quiet one: When my parents visited Maunaloa, Rose gave them a box of Hawaiian candy as a little welcoming gift.

We shared the property with a reddish neighborhood dog who lived under our house. We never learned whether his coloring was his own or the result of the fine waves of red dust that blew on the trade winds into our yard each day from the pineapple fields. We shared the interior of the house with an occasional cockroach and an inexhaustible company of immense, giant-legged but basically friendly spiders.

The yard was in sad shape, but I fixed that by watering the ground around the house every day until I had an enviable lawn composed of various weeds.

I installed a row of pineapple plants on either side of the walkway to our front door in order to brighten up the yard. We put in a vegetable garden behind the house but lost most of it to high winds and crawly things. The Filipinos began coming to Molokai in , looking for something a little better than they had in their homeland, as did. But when I compare my life back in the Philippines and my life here, I can say that I have better way of life now.

The last big recruitment drive to get new workers for Molokai took place in So the labor force is not young. And the children of these workers are not all that interested in getting out in the fields to carry on the work of their fathers and, in many cases, their mothers. One of those workers recruited in is Mariano Acoba. He is married, has four sons, drives a tractor for Dole, and also is the local union leader, head of the ILWU unit in Maunaloa.

One thing you notice about Mariano: Mariano has a good life here. He is liked and respected. He has his own garish yellow Corvair and a reasonably comfortable little tin-roofed house with his favorite chair, a long-armed rocker, in the front room with the Hawaii banner and the Norman Rockwellesque drawing of John and Robert Kennedy on the wall.

He pays twenty-four dollars a month to the company for his house. He has been able to afford trips to the Philippines twice since coming to Hawaii. He makes a decent living. He thanks his union for helping get a reasonable wage for workers.

But he does not necessarily credit the union at the expense of the company. But now he is a union leader. He vaguely remembers hearing about a big strike in He was deeply involved in the strike that ran for two months and resulted in a contract that was scheduled to expire in the winter of a great advantage for the company, since the winter is a slack period in the pineapple industry.

Nobody is getting rich here, picking pineapple or doing other work for Dole. So most people are satisfied. Naturally, the trick in assessing life in this village is to ask what the residents might have without Maunaloa. Would they be better off elsewhere?

In most cases, the answer is no. Speaking for myself, then, I know Maunaloa is an ugly town: I know the phone service varies from bad to worse.

I know the town is plagued with pineapple bugs and fruit flies. I know the roads are bad. I know there are no good public beaches, although the ocean is only a few miles away on three sides of the town. But the residents seem unaware of these things. So much for rural radicalism. The Community Council is a sort of make-believe city council—a group that exists pretty much at the pleasure of the company, but which performs the useful functions of coordinating community activities and helping in small ways to improve the town.

Bernard was determined to get his council members off their collective ass and into some serious good works for their town. He had some fine plans, but we were not around long enough to find out if they ever worked. It looked like an uphill climb. I went to one council meeting where community organizations were to submit their requests for council subsidies for the coming year. The typical request went something like this: How much money will the Dominoes Club need for next year?

Well, the Dominoes Club need plenty money. And how much would that be? How much we get last year? One hundred and fifty dollars. Well, okay, uh, how about two hundred this year? The council had worked for years on a project to put up street signs in the town. Finally, it was going to happen. Of course, part of the project involved deciding what names to put on the signs, as the streets never had been named.

But cockfighting is to the Philippines what televised football is to the U. And the men in Maunaloa are not Americans by tradition: So I had to go to a cockfight. To complete my education. The cockfights took place in a dry, dusty, tree-shaded lot at the edge of the village. Just drive around the side streets on a Saturday or Sunday.

If there is a cockfight, you will see the cars lined up along the road, and you are there. If there are no fights in Maunaloa, you can try around the area of the theater in Kualapuu, about fifteen miles east of Maunaloa.

If it happens to be sometime during the last four months of the year, there may be no action anywhere, since the chickens are molting during that period and are not usually fought. Cockfights—or chicken fights, as a lot of people around here call them—are illegal, of course.

But company officials and the police generally respect the sport as a legitimate expression of Filipino culture. An absolutely integral part of the sport is gambling. You will not see a cockfighting arena without seeing men walking around carrying sheaves of paper money, taking and placing bets. A lot of money rides on these fights; money that is made even bigger when you realize how little money most of these people have to.

Gaming table at the Maunaloa cockfights. I know one old Filipino bachelor who sold a cow, one of his most valuable possessions, in order to have gambling money. He lost it all at the cockfights. Outside the main area of chicken fighting are several tables surrounded by avid bettors playing a game that uses black tiles that look like dominoes. Twenty-dollar bills have lots of company on these tables. In a final ring around the arena are little booths operated by Filipino ladies selling sweets, soft drinks, and food.

A fellow named Agader sat on the ground next to me as I fiddled with my camera, waiting for a fight to begin. He told me that before each fight, a group of chicken owners get together with their birds and match gladiators for the next event.

When two birds are chosen, a small razor-sharp curved knife is tied to one of the feet on each chicken. Gamblers leave their tables and gather outside the square. The opponents are experimentally shoved against each other to get them in a fighting mood. The sheaths are removed from the knives and the birds are loosed on each other. Most of the action in a cockfight seems to take place in the first thirty seconds. The birds charge and leap and pirouette like ballet dancers. Very quickly, one of them is lying on the ground.

If the downed bird has any life left, his handler puts him on his feet and forces him back into the fray. The birds literally seem to lose interest sometimes after the first few charges. I swear one chicken was wandering off, pecking in the dirt for seeds, after he and another bird had tangled for a few seconds.

But there are people in the ring whose job it is to keep a fight going until one bird is dead. Then the fight is over. Bets are paid off; the knife leg of the losing bird is cut off and his body is carried away. A circle of chicken fanciers begins forming to match opponents for the next event. After an hour or so at the cockfights, I drove over to the post office. Next door, in the community meeting room, Mr. Ramos were giving a party in celebration of the baptism and the first birthday of their baby.

A fellow came up and offered me a Primo beer. Primo is the best beer brewed in Hawaii. In fact, the only one. On Molokai it is the ubiquitous beverage. The roads are lined with empty Primo bottles. Cases of full ones are stacked in many garages. The young people who get loaded on beer and then run around creating mischief are known as Primo warriors. So I drank this famous brew, sitting on the outside railing of the post office and watching the dancers inside the meeting room and listening to the faltering old-fashioned sounds of the little local band.

I could see Agader inside, slicked up and dancing. As soon as I had finished my Primo, a young man came up and offered to take me around to the beer cooler for another. We did this several times in the next hour, and by then I had decided this was a very nice party indeed. The best thing about it was that I had actually attended. But you end up going anyway, and these things turn out to not matter so much after all.

Sharmen and I drove to Kalamaula that evening to attend a retirement luau for a longtime plantation employee. When Lum came to Molokai in , there was nothing on the western end of the island but dry cattle range. The crews in those early years were composed almost entirely of young and single Filipinos and Japanese. The men lived in temporary work camps in the fields. For entertainment, they had gambling and fighting. Family life consisted largely of visits from troupes of whores on payday.

Lum lived through those days to see the early work camps consolidate and develop into the quiet, stable, and familyoriented Maunaloa of today. His career spanned the entire tenure of the Libby company on Molokai. Libby, a Chicago-based food processing giant, was invited to contribute to the retirement luau for A.

Lum, the only man who had served the company during its entire forty-seven years on Molokai. With a good bit of harrumphing and throat clearing, the company explained this would run counter to certain company policies. So something like a thousand dollars was raised from plantation supervisors and employees. Mainlanders who have visited Hawaii may think luaus are those nice parties that big hotels throw each night for their guests, with lots of food and booze and Don Ho singing in the background or someone singing the same funky songs Don Ho sings.

But it turns out that, on Molokai at least, luaus still remain the property of the people. The luau was the work of Arthur Naehu, whose family and friends made the poi, caught the crab, cooked the pig, picked the opihi, and prepared the long rice and chicken, the limu, the sweet potatoes, the lomi salmon,.

I suppose several hundred guests were there for the luau at Kalanianaole Hall, a ramshackle old building near the mud flats a couple of miles west of Kaunakakai.

The building, consisting of a single large open room, is named for Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalanianaole, Hawaii Delegate to Congress for many years who helped persuade the Territorial Legislature and the U. Congress to pass the Hawaiian Homes Commission Act of , designed to turn large tracts of government land over to Hawaiian homesteaders.

During the luau, kids and dogs played in the shallow ocean water. Outside the hall, the Maunaloa postmaster and other amateur bartenders served beer and straight shots of whiskey. Inside, Lum and his wife sat at the head table, swallowed up in immense carnation leis. Ladies dashed around the room handing out seconds of everything. The Ebbtides played and sang.

It was a good Molokai day. The phone rang one morning at home and I answered. This should be one of my most spectacular hikes. The Hawaii Hiker turned out to be a gaunt and gangly Californian, six and a half feet high, twenty-one years old.

He quickly assured me he was a tremendous guy who had hiked more than three thousand miles in Hawaii during the past two years. The Molokai hike would be the latest in a long series of triumphs. But somehow he managed to get back to a phone every evening to give me a progress report.

Guess that oughta make a good angle to your story, huh? He was off to Honolulu for some rest before his next spectacular. The last I heard of the Hawaii Hiker, he had taken his old pair of hiking shoes in to be bronzed. He also had a plaque made up commemorating one of his most spectacular hikes, and he had some fantastic plans for these items. But he assured one reporter that what he was planning to do would make the papers all over the country.

You have to look hard for a coconut tree. Dusty eroded gullies harboring colorless bushes and trees slash through the rolling hills. The first time I drove the good paved road from the airport to Maunaloa, I could almost imagine myself back in the dry Altamont hills near my hometown in northern California.

Most of the western quarter of the island is used for cattle grazing. It requires about fifteen acres of this sparse country to take care of just one cow. This also is pineapple country, because pineapples can prosper without a lot of water.

The entire western end of the island is owned by an outfit called Molokai Ranch, the biggest among a bevy of big landowners who control almost the entire island. Molokai Ranch owns 75, acres—about 45 per cent of the , acres that comprise Molokai. Smaller private owners hold what is left of the island: The ranch has been owned since by the Cooke family of Honolulu, which ties the ranch and Molokai to one of the oldest and best known names in Hawaiian history.

Amos Starr Cooke came to Hawaii as a missionary in , just seventeen years after the first missionaries arrived in the islands. He and his wife operated a school for the children of Hawaiian chiefs. Then he went into business. The firm grew into one of the five big firms credited or blamed with influencing most of the commercial and political life of the islands for many decades.

Much of the land that makes up the present day Molokai Ranch once belonged to the Hawaiian chief who became Kamehameha V, monarch of all the Hawaiian Islands, in When Princess Bernice died in , the land went to her husband, Charles Reed Bishop, who already had acquired a good deal of Molokai land in In , Bishop turned over his Molokai property to the Bishop Estate, an agency set up to provide financing for the Kamehameha Schools for Hawaiian children.

The Cooke family came onto the Molokai scene shortly after. They planned to establish a big sugar plantation in western Molokai. The plan failed for lack of fresh water. In , Cooke bought out his partners and turned management of the ranch over to his son, George P. Cooke lived on Molokai with his wife, Sophie, and took care of the ranch for forty years.

It seems that George and Sophie were hardworking, conscientious, and respected citizens of Molokai. George Cooke served for many years in the Territorial Legislature. Conant was killed by an explosion when he tried to start his car.

No one ever was tried for the murder, and even today you can hear stories from people claiming to know what really happened. The murder apparently was connected with the suspension of open deer hunting on ranch land after it was discovered that some hunters were taking their kill to Maui and selling it.

The big man on the Molokai Ranch today is George P. Aka is a young, very competent man who is deadly serious about his work. I simply determined to find out what it was that Aka was determined to keep hidden.

But Aka could have saved his breath. The Molokai Ranch today is not universally loved, but neither is it scorned. It is difficult to convince everyone to love you when you control nearly half the world. And that is about how much the ranch controls of this little world called Molokai. In many ways, Molokai Ranch is Molokai. Besides its vast cattle ranges, the ranch owns most of the pineapple land operated by Dole, letting it out on long-term lease to the company.

It owns a meat marketing company, a sand and rock firm, the Standard Oil agency on the island, and part of a seed. It leases business buildings in Kaunakakai and sells some home lots. The old general was so powerful and so rich and so important that he could claim with confidence: Aka is in charge of a herd of about 2, Santa Gertrudis breeding cows that graze on some 53, acres of land.

Dole leases about 9, acres from the ranch for its pineapple. Some of the land out on the western tip of the island is leased to Honolulu Construction and Draying Company, Ltd.

For some reason that big island of Oahu—with a coastline of miles—cannot provide enough sand for the booming construction industry of Honolulu. It is the biggest, widest, most beautiful beach on Molokai. Hidden away at one end of the mile-and-a-half-long beach is the sand mining operation, in the same spot it has been in for eleven years. From the looks of things, it will take another century or so before you will be able to tell that any sand has been removed.

So Papohaku Beach now remains virtually unspoiled, a virgin stretch of gorgeous warm sand facing out toward Oahu, twentyfive miles away across Kaiwi Channel. Papohaku Beach is actually too unspoiled. But there are none. For this beach, like almost.

For nearly fifty years, there have been hundreds of persons living in Maunaloa who have been unable to visit the magnificent seaside areas that are only a few miles away from their homes. The ranch has a lot of good reasons for keeping visitors off its land. And, after all, it is private property. Fortunately, after all these years, changes seem to be coming to the west end. The ranch may turn over a stretch of beach at Halena to the County of Maui, and perhaps someday the county will improve the road and put in picnic areas.

The old Ilio Point Coast Guard station is now owned by the state and is a potential site for a state park. The ranch itself has big plans for tourist development of its land. This would result in opening up many of the now inaccessible west end beaches, including Papohaku.

Without waiting for these changes, there are two beach areas on ranch land that people can get to, if they can find their way. One area is the two-mile stretch of beach from Halena to the old Kolo Wharf, on the southwest coast. At this point, turn right and drive past Maunaloa School and directly into the pineapple fields, where the dirt road begins. This road will dead-end in a fence after a short distance. Turn right and follow the fence for three miles or so. The road eventually will pass through an opening in the fence.

Stay to the left where the road forks just past this point. About two miles farther, and just a short distance from the ocean, a road cuts off to the right and goes half a mile to the old Halena Camp.

Jake set it up last week and I took it off this week. This is a hatch cover from Florence. She was put back in the water a couple of weeks ago and we are trying to catch up. Nate and Jim are rebuilding a Studebaker engine for a sawmill in Woodstock, Connecticut. The pistons that came out are aluminum and not good.

The replacements he found are cast iron. As of now, he does not know if the aluminum pistons were put in during a previous rebuild or the original material.

Half the fun is the search. Nate was able to get new exhaust valves. Some machining may need to be done. The bore does not match the cam diameter right now.

My wife and I are off to distant lands, isles of warmth and exotic ports of call. We will be away for the best part of two weeks so Mystic Seaport will have to struggle on.

Wayne and Jake will also be away for this time so Anne will have the whole load. Wishing you a good trip and Many thanks for keeping us updated with the goings on behind the scenes at Mystic Bob. We had a grand time. We were on the Royal Princess, a 1, foot plus ship stacked many decks high with cabins. Looks like a container ship to me. Actually it's interesting how alone you can be if you want. There are many places to curl up with a book if that's what you want or you can party at the pool with a LOT of people.

Our final day was on the beach. It wasn't nearly that at home when we returned to Connecticut. So on Tuesday I got back to what I love doing, scrapin' paint. Well not just that but everything else that comes with it.

Jake, Wayne and I were gone for two weeks and Anne was busy with other projects so not much was done on the Conrad's lifeboat. Next week we start the hard part, cleaning up the inside of the hull. The problem will be with all the tight spaces and corners that the scrapers are to big for. I think a putty knife will work but the paint needs to be very soft. She painted this whale boat and just finished it yesterday.

The LA Duton has been hauled for routine bottom work. However, she will be out for a couple of weeks, so my guess is that there is more than just a new coat of bottom paint. It was too cold to explore much yesterday so I'll find out more next week. Her engine, boiler, and water tanks will be removed prior to her haul out.

There is major hull work to be done and she will spend the next year in the DuPont Preservation building. Just prior to our coffee break we stopped into the machine shop. Nate and Jim were getting ready to take the Studebaker engine to a machine shop to have the cylinders bored out.

Nate has new pistons on order and while we were on vacation he finally figured out how the new timing gear is supposed to go on the cam. He thought he was going to have to do some machining until he had one of those "Aha! There was no one around to tell us about it. It also looks like it has only been slightly modified for today's roads. Note the tiny headlights and turn signals. As volunteers we receive a Staff Bulletin. This week there is an account of two of the 38th Voyagers.

This is an article from the magazine, Points East. Here is a link to her comments on the Morgan's 38th Voyage. Gerard - You might be interested in this restoration project. I've been involved for several years. First order of business yesterday was to move the Conrad to a temporary berth. The dock where she normally is tied up will be rebuilt.

The weight on the line is blue, on the left. On the Morgan, we are now taking care of some details. Anne is touching up the paint. I believe they wanted the fore upper top-gallant raised for a demonstration on Sunday. I am never sure of the names on the rigging. On my boat, I just turn the key. The leader sang a chanty and the crew replied with a verse and two pulls on the line. Now for the big news! I have been waiting for weeks to write about this but had to wait until it was confirmed.

The initial plan is to spend three winters doing repairs and restoration. The ship is a major draw for Plimoth Plantation so it will return for their summer season and return here at the end of each year. Probably arriving here just after Thanksgiving would be my guess.

Allan Villiers had gone on a pioneering whaling expedition to the South Pole. This ship is now at the Maritime Museum at Mystic, Connecticut. So, in a few weeks I'll have lots of pictures! So glad she's coming to Mystic and so glad she's getting repaired.

Now, if you could only get the Conrad in sailing condition again. Mayflower II has been delayed for a week. As soon as I hear when she's coming I will let you know. The first Thursday every month the seaport puts on a lecture called First Thursday. This month the talk was about the Ledyard Sawmill. I wrote about it in September of this year.

Our friend Jake also volunteers there and arranged for his friend Alan, a volunteer at the sawmill for 15 years, to come and give a talk. Alan told of the history of sawing going back thousands of years and up to the present time. He had drawings of water powered sawmills as far back as the 's. Over the years, not much changed until the mid 19th century. The big change then was the ability to produce large diameter rotary saw blades and the engines that had power enough to run them.

Even though the technology existed when this mill was built in , the sash sawmill was simple, relatively inexpensive, and could be run on a water turbine.

The man on top stood on the log and the poor guy on the bottom did most of the work. Alan is showing how it is sharpened. To my ear, listening for a minute, this school sounds pretty special. Poor thing looks naked without her masts. Sabino is coming apart for an overhaul. It will be in the DuPont Preservation barn when all the hardware is out. All the superstructure has to be removed for access to the keel. This also includes the boiler and engine.

There are two pieces. The other one sits on the boiler and this sticks out on top. I hope we can get this project done so we can work on Mayflower II and Sabino. Most of the scrapin' we do is straight forward and not that difficult. This, however, is a tough one with all the corners and tight spots to get into. They were scraped, caulked, primed, and then painted. It goes slowly when a volunteer is only able to give one day a week.

But one day a week is a lot of fun, honest! Are you going to be as actively involved in the Mayflower II restoration as you were with the Morgan? Perhaps such a task deserves a new thread of the same but slightly altered name?

Also, is there any talk of one day giving the L. Dunton the same treatment as the Morgan? I think if there was another boat at Mystic that was born to sail again, it would be the Dunton. Time and again it has been proven as it will be proven once more with the Ernestina that restored, old, wooden schooners are a superb platform for training and education at sea.

Why take her out for one big landmark voyage, like the Morgan, when Mystic could run a regular summer program on her in Long Island Sound? If the Lewis R. French can do it at the age of then I'm sure with Mystic Seaport's resources the Dunton could become a regular sailor again too! Everyone would love to see the Dunton redone and sailing. All it takes is time and money. Not in that order. He said there are many good examples of this type of boat and as a static display the condition of this boat is still sound enough.

The same was true of the Morgan. Since it arrived in , the ship has been repaired many times. Prior to this recent restoration the next most recent restoration was in the 's. At that time a new deck, some of the bow framing, and some of the ceiling in the bow and stern were replaced. Still, the 's restoration did not bring the entire ship up to a level where it could be sailed.

During this restoration it was decided that the 38th Voyage was feasible and a brand new goal was set to accomplish it. Other seaport craft have been restored to a level where they are safe to use, and they are used.

Roann is a good example. She had a three year restoration completed in She was used as a support vessel during the 38th voyage. Now about Mayflower II. Yes, we will be involved. To what degree, I don't know yet. Our shipwrights need to go aboard and make a detail report on what they think is needed. The volunteers will not know what we will be doing until they know for sure.

Morgan was still under sail 82 years after her launch. Mayflower II is now 55 years old, but the average life for a wooden ship of that era was 20 years or so.

I'm sure the shipwrights are not going into this job blindly. Inspections were done in Plymouth during the bidding on this job. However a closer look will tell them what's needed. This restoration is proposed to take three years with the ship going back to Plymouth for the summer each year. I have thought about doing a separate thread on Mayflower II, however this thread is about so much more than just the Morgan's restoration.

Perhaps dual entries, one here and one on the Mayflower II restoration would work. That way if someone only cares about the Mayflower II they wouldn't have to read through all the other things. It's not here yet so I have time. So On to my day volunteering. The old stories always started out, "It was a dark and stormy night! If I had more interesting things to report, I certainly would.

The inside is a very slow go. Hour and 45 minutes The galley is closed for the winter. For that matter, the seaport is only open Thursday through Sunday in December and after the first of the year it will be closed for six weeks. We had a valid excuse for taking such a long lunch.

It takes time for the paint remover to work. Anyway we looked through the bookstore, Rosenfeld Collection store, the gift shop, and the art gallery. The Rosenfeld collection owned by the seaport contains over a million photographs taken by the Rosenfelds. This one is still my favorite. I wish they would display more of their ship model collection.

I believe, about 20 years ago, they had an entire building dedicated to ship models-they even had a model shop. I've noticed that Mystic uses a lot of chemical paint stripper at least that's what I'm assuming what's under the plastic. Why not a heat gun and scraper? Yes, there is the danger of fire, but chemical burns aren't much fun either.

I couldn't finish this yesterday, so I continue now. So back to work after an almost two hour lunch. Our only project for now is this launch off the Conrad. How much can I say about the details of removing paint from this boat? Well, we still have fun. From this distance she almost looks like one of those old commuter boats from the 20's and 30's. Aphrodite is a neighbor of Mystic Seaport.

She calls Watch Hill Rhode Island home. Mayflower II has arrived. Just before the noon tide she showed up a little west of the Mystic River entrance. We went out to meet the tug to help guide her in. I say "We" went out to help. I went along for the ride and stayed out of the way. Not every day you see a 17th century ship passing by.

The Mystic River Bridge. She's pretty tall and the wind didn't help. The initial plan is to get her hauled out in a week or so. Late in the afternoon, we were able to go aboard the Mayflower IL. I spoke to the yard supervisor and asked what was going to be tackled first and he said he's not sure yet.

Once the ship is hauled, a more detailed inspection can take place and the plan can then be made. This project will be difficult because there will be a point in March or April when the work has to stop and the ship made ready to return to Plymouth for the summer season. Then she will return again in the late fall, certainly after Thanks Giving. The following is mostly just pictures.

Half the time I wasn't sure where I was or what I was looking at. Well, it's not that bad, but close. A couple of the Mayflower II permanent crew who will be with us over the winter. They spent the day taking supplies off the boat.

We've all been there before. She seems to be built very much as the Morgan is built except the ceiling is not down to the keel. My guess is that it was added for safety. Some stone and some iron. This appears to be very deeply piled. It is in the stern and one deck up from the main deck. It is connected to a tiller below. Done for the day, it was time for the annual volunteer's Christmas party.

This year it was held in the Maritime Art Gallery. I have met and worked with a lot of people during the last five years and sometimes the move on to other jobs around the seaport. This was a great time to reconnect with some of them.

Charlie and Jan have been around for ever and worked with us scrapin' paint. I didn't see Jan, but here's Charlie. She came over to tell me that pictures were not allowed in the gallery. So I took her picture. Steve works on a lot of boat restoration projects but not so much in the shipyard with us.

In reply to the requests for a new thread on the restoration of Mayflower II, I would like to say Sabino is ready to be moved into the DuPont Preservation building for her rebuild. I don't know the extent of the work that will be done, but her engine and boiler have been removed to gain access to her keel.

A very large trailer was brought in to move her from the ship lift into the barn. The wheels on this trailer can steer to help maneuver into tight spaces. The wheels appear to swivel on the center axis using a hydraulic motor in the center. This is the frame from the Studebaker that powered the Chamberlin Mill saw for many years after a flood destroyed there water power source.

Nate has volunteered to restore the engine so it can yet again run the saw. I have a request. If you or anyone you know has any information about other sawmills using an old car engine to run the saw, they would love to hear from you.

So far it looks good. The frame is cracked under the engine mount but a bit of welding will take care of that. Taking off the motor mount. I have seen the barn cleaned out before but not to this extent.

It has been there for years with all sorts of things piled on it. But now they will be using it for a project. So where is the lathe? The plywood on the bottom is covering the ways on the end. The head is up next to the window at the top. I'm not sure where it will be going or what the part is.

I do know that it's a mill up in Massachusetts and it will be turned on the lathe. Anne took these pictures for me. I found out a bit more about where it will go. It is the water wheel shaft that will power the equipment in the Saugus Iron Mill in Saugus, Massachusetts. Last week I thought it was a sawmill. This mill is part of the National Park Service. This was like and archeological study of the remains of a long gone machine.

Some parts he could copy and others he could find pictures of in old catalogs. Then using an educated guess he made the part to connect the two known parts with a "The Missing Link. One of our local foundries will do the casting and then the seaport will do the machine work.

We are still working on the Conrad's launch but Susan caught a break and started redoing the Conrad's wheel. She did the Morgan's wheel too and the most often heard comment we heard was about how beautiful the wheel is.

It is a really tedious job so we take breaks like an hour and a half for a thiry minute lunch. There's not too much to see yet and because of the holidays there are few people at work. I'm sure there is more to do beyond the shaft log since it is a year long project. The engine, boiler and all the other accessories are out. The is an electric hammer down there and the cement is all broken up. The visitor's gallery from Sabino's upper deck. We are in a heated building so I shouldn't complain, but Then they opened the door and it got cold fast.

This is the Mayflower II's wash down water that will go off to recycling soon. We had to clear the rails so the wheel's would not derail. I have 't seen the spar lathe uncovered in more than 30 years! It is interesting to see in operation, it actually turns quite slowly. We are still scraping paint off the Conrad's launch and I didn't bother with yet another picture of that.

During lunch we took a walk up to the north end of the seaport to see the progress of the new building that will become the north entrance and exhibit hall.

In the picture below, all this will go. The long, low building housed a small boat exhibit. All those boats are in storage. To the right is the Packard display in the brick building.

The Packard's officers quarters are being reassembled on the second floor of the Stillman Building from where I took this picture. Now it's all apart and going back together.

We're not sure where this goes, but the detail is wonderful. There are still elements that need to be retrieved and then the whole thing comes down. By the time I left Jim and Nate had installed the crank and cam shaft. A coat of self etching primer and it was ready for Nate to take it home. That makes it a two hour ride for me, each way. OK, I'll go once, but that's going to be a long day.

Thanks so much for keeping us updated! I remember when the Packard exhibit first opened and being shown how you could tell the difference between the original raised-panel wall panels most of them and the few new replacements. The joints between the rails and stiles were not quite as tight fitting on the new panels as they were on the originals. An interesting testament to the quality of the wood and workmanship on the originals.

It's too cold for me to work outside, and the wind was no help either. I went onto the Mayflower II to see how the de-ballasting was going. The view from the top says a lot about the cold. Not well shown here, he is wearing a bandanna to keep his face warm. Susan has the warmest job of all. Scott was winterizing the outboard. In the machine shop, Nate and Jim are starting to put the Studebaker engine back together. Last week they put in the new valves and today they were installing the new pistons.

Below, checking the gap on the rings. Jim placed the ring in the bore, pushed it down and inch or two with the piston to square it up, and then using a feeler gauge, he measured the gap. For this size bore,. He did it for all 16 compression rings, one at a time. If you look closely you can see the feeler gauge at six o'clock on the bore. That afternoon all the pistons were in but Jim and Nate had gone home so I didn't get to see it.

The Studebaker engine has its pistons and connecting rods installed. That's the easy part. That put a great strain on the transmission. The bell housing cracked and the pilot shaft snapped off. There should be a round stub sticking out of the end of the spline.

The pilot was still in the crankshaft until Nate was able to get it out. Fortunately Nate met a man who donated a parts car or at least part of a car and he will use that transmission instead of trying to rebuild this one. What we affectionately call a barn yard mechanic, took a ford distributor, modified it and made the engine run again. Nate said it took some time to realize he was not working with an original part. The modification to make it work was with the drive connection.

In a Ford, the cam shaft drove a gear on the bottom of the distributor. The Studebaker used a key as shown. The mechanic machined the two parts to fit. It has a bad bearing somewhere. They have a new rebuilt engine to drop in. While not exactly dated to the era the seaport is trying to show, it's better than driving a Dodge Ram diesel to the Morgan to deliver stuff.

That would somewhat distort the early seaport image. All the cars in the annual antique car show at the seaport must be or older, I assume because of this truck. When this truck was built, the Morgan was already retired for eight years. Every January for the last few years, Nate has participated in a field trip where he tracks wolves up north. Running around on snowshoes chasing wolves is something he loves. I'm going the other way. My wife and I are going to Fort Lauderdale for a ten day cruise.

I know I will. See you in two weeks. My wife and I are back from our trip, refreshed and ready to take on Old Man Winter again. This was last week. Down stairs displays ranged from a Cuban refugee boat to tugboat work to Admiral Farragut's portrait, and the list can go on and on. However the museum is an active place and displays are constantly changing. I don't know what will be going in down stairs, but upstairs will the the Packard's officers' quarters.

Two weeks ago the guys were just starting to cut the 2x4s for this. While it may not look like much has happened you need to take a close look at what they have done.

The replica deck of the Packard is a series of compound curves and angles that need to be spot on so all the other parts will fit. Here you can see the upturn the deck makes on the left. New steel framing is going up for new displays. It's not boring when things change again and again. As we walked out it, started to snow again. The forecast was for a dusting to an inch, and that's what we got. But to see how the "Dusting" was coming down, it looked like another blizzard. The stem appears to have pulled away.

We had Walt look at it and he asked us try and tighten the bolts inside to close it up. Like all these small problems. After cleaning the gap with a hand held Sawzall blade Wayne climbed in with a wrench. I climbed in too and could not make it budge. Walt or another shipwright will fix it somehow. We found out something really interesting about these two boats from the Conrad. There is another one outside.

They are in fact, life boats. The captain had a gig hanging from the stern but it did not come with the Conrad when the seaport acquired it, so it was never replaced. I feel a bit better about this tedious job we are doing. And looking on the bright side, we are in the paint shop where the heat is on.

Pleace can you tell me more about the whaleboats that were built in this project. Type, where you got the plans, etc. The whaleboats used on the 38th Voyage were built by various schools and maritime museums around the country. I don't know what plans were used but all the boats looked identical. If plans are available, you should call the seaport at The operator will forward you to the right department and inquire from there.

Between the really awful weather and going away on a ten day cruise I haven't been able to see a lot of what has gone on around the yard. Back in December I posted this picture of a rather large chunk of wood that will become the shaft used I believe on a water wheel in the Saugus Iron Works in Saugus, Massachusetts.

In the paint shop we continue on with the life boat from the Conrad. Well at least it's warm in there. Meanwhile the sandbagger, Annie, is close to a complete refinish. I stitched two pictures together so it's a bit distorted. Since the bad weather has put us off schedule, I haven't seen Nate in a month. I went into the engine shop to see how his Packard engine project is coming along. I'm sure he's done a lot but nothing stood out so there are no pictures. The boiler from the Sabino is all apart.

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